Effects of AI on Software Testing in 2020

Software testing performed by HR still has its worth, software development services although Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a promising method to make the procedure simpler, quicker, and more clear. Sometime in the not so distant future, the developing innovation of AI may constrain programming analyzers to begin searching for a new position somewhere else. However, don’t get stumbled with such expectations. 

Techniques to execute AI and AI are a long way from great; software development company in india still have a lot of difficulties to work through. In any case, one thing is sure: the utilization of AI by QA experts would update the entire testing process, upgrade analyzers’ expert abilities, and add to business development.

What will AI Integration Bring to Testers?

Enhanced Accuracy

Traditional testing still requires HR for source and information examination. In any case, allows simply let it out: even the most experienced QA engineers are inclined to committing errors, and that is alright. The analyzers lose centre around programming QA and neglect some significant imperfections on account of broad information. Before venture partners notice it, customers get on the bugs. Generally, such circumstances are harming to mark notoriety and item situating available. 

What’s more, that is where the AI and AI innovations please the scene. They encourage frameworks to learn source examinations and apply information later on. In such a manner, an AI analyzer thinks of increasingly precise outcomes. The utilization of AI advancements for information investigation dispenses with human blunder likelihood and abbreviates an opportunity to run a test and discover potential imperfections. Accordingly, the QA group isn’t over-burden with enormous information volumes to deal with.

AI Test Experts

Alongside the conventional testing aptitudes, they are to manufacture AI calculations, comprehend math models, and work on regular language preparing standards.

QA Engineers New Roles

AI testing is a promising method for making the entire testing process progressively productive. As it will assume control over the immense heap of test execution, QA specialists will grow new aptitudes. Working with AI requires to broaden skills in AI testing, neuro-phonetic programming, math streamlining, business insight, algorithmic examination. 

The specialists of the World Quality Report accept the absence of such profoundly qualified experts, despite the fact that the act of AI develops. Thusly, the organizations should put resources into the abilities advancement of their QA groups. The ongoing issue of the World Quality Report recommends three developing jobs of QA engineers.

AI QA Strategists

This group manages the AI job in business forms. With the expansive comprehension of information stream, math improvement, and mechanical technology methods, they discover approaches to execute AI quality confirmation rehearses into the whole business lifecycle.

Data Scientists

As a piece of the QA group, examiners channel information, use insights, and direct prescient examination to construct the required models for AI-based QA technique.

There are forecasts that QA architects will change into the test computerization group. They will play a supervisory job and instruct AI to execute a scope of tests. Vijay Shinde, the originator of Software Testing Help, trusts AI can involve about 70% of tedious testing space. Anyway, people will be deprived to control test results and spotlight on the staying 30% of testing managing client situation tests, for instance. Additionally, test supervisors stay answerable for tooling, work process demonstrating, and condition set up. While AI may be a savvy right hand in running monotonous tests, it is a QA engineer who screens the advancement, considers test plan, assumes responsibility for QA procedure and targets.

Predictive Analysis

Similar information from the World Quality Report gauges 64% of organizations will suggest AI into QA systems to improve client forms. The market request in the IT field grows constantly, the organizations need to figure out how to anticipate clients’ needs and hop in front of the contenders. This is an extreme activity for prescient investigation for programming testing organizations. Man-made intelligence and AI may aid quick client information examination to explain their inclinations in new items and highlights.

Machine Learning 

AI (ML) is an innovation dependent on design acknowledgement. The calculations examine tones of data and distinguish prescient examples. Along these lines changes the computerization testing approach, as ML needn’t bother with a UI to test. A great part of the robotized QA is a back-end-centred procedure.

UI Test

The utilization of ML bots may be useful while taking a shot at the end-client experience. The vast majority of the cutting edge applications have comparable examples in structure, usefulness, or interface. For instance, you can without much of a stretch discover a shopping basket, item channel, and instalment window in an online store. Bots can experience preparing for a specific programming territory to run more experiments than relapse testing would do. Picture based testing with the utilization of visual approval devices is an in vogue design that ML perceives. QA designer may make a basic AI test that would consequently discover visual imperfections in programming.


ML testing endeavours help to lead a successful registration of the API layer. The calculations assume control over the examination of test contents, while an analyzer doesn’t stall out with making a ton of API calls.

Challenges on the Way

In spite of the fact that AI is by all accounts a foundation for the eventual fate of QA, it isn’t that simple to make it genuine. There is a scope of impediments keeping down the appropriation of AI in programming testing.

Ever-Big Data 

To process the unstructured information needs extra HR and budgetary help. Today, associations scarcely handle substantial information investigation and can’t continue with the utilization of mechanical technology or psychological stages. 

AI Integration 

For the time being, the organizations neglect to characterize the business zones to improve with the assistance of AI advancements. Additionally, the greater part of the QA associations can’t figure out how to move toward AI advances. The groups need to develop aptitude first so as to rise AI and business lifecycle. 

Absence of AI Knowledge 

As referenced before, canny testing widens analyzers’ aptitudes and mastery. It is just an issue of time when this hole will be satisfied. Notwithstanding, the requirement for qualified experts for AI testing in 2019 will increment as an ever-increasing number of associations try different things with “insightful QA.”

AI-Driven Test Automation Tools

Of course, the approach of AI is unavoidable. In any case, whatever the suspicions are, we accept that there is still a lot of time before AI assumes control over the entire testing process. Today, business and QA engineers jabber about the supposed “third rush of testing robotization” due to inventive AI computerization testing arrangements. We should view some of them: 

Eggplant AI. This form utilizes clever calculations to explore the product, foresee the deformities, and explain the issues with cutting edge information connection. It empowers computerizing any test robotization motor, offers a graphical examination of test inclusion and results. 

Appvance. The apparatus offers a profound investigation of programming by means of AI and produces “application plans” models applying psychological age. The outlines guarantee to produce plenty of experiments in minutes. Aside from AI, Appvance infers Test Designer, a record-and-playback include. Test Designer consolidates with information-driven tests, screen capture correlation, and DOM or AJAX auto-catch.


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Remove Background Tool review

Nowadays, photo editing is becoming more and more accessible to everyone, thanks in part to a range of great tools available online. One type of editing that is particularly useful to master is background removal.

Removing photo backgrounds can save the day for so many photo projects. Maybe you want to cut out the subject of an image to use in a montage, or maybe you need a transparent background for a product photo or logo. Whatever the reason, you should have a go-to solution for background removal.

There are many background erasers to choose from online. In this post, we look at inPixio’s Remove Background tool, which has quickly gained a following since its release last year.  This free editing application makes it easy to remove backgrounds from images and other images in just a few clicks.

How to use the Remove Background Tool

inPixio Remove Background is a 100% online application with nothing to download and no need to sign up. The interface is clear and minimalist, and easy for anyone to navigate. Here are the steps for achieving a perfect photo cutout:

  1. Choose a Picture

There are a few options for importing a photo. You can upload from your cell phone or computer, drag and drop an image file, or enter an image URL. Remove Background also lets you import additional images at the editing stage, so that you can work on multiple photos at the same time.

  1. Erase the Background

The process for background removal is very simple, with markers to highlight the areas to keep and erase. Use the red “remove” brush to mark areas that you want to erase. Then use the green “keep” brush to highlight areas that you want to preserve. Finally, hit “apply” and let the algorithm do its work.

If you highlight the wrong area by accident, you can use the erase tool to correct your markings. Another good tip is to zoom in on the image to tackle more detailed areas, and use the slider to adjust the amount of feathering around the edges of the image.

  1. Download Your Image

You can keep adding and removing markings and adjusting settings until you get your perfect cutout. Once you’re happy with the result, click “Save my photo” to download your finished image in .jpg format

Which photos work best with a background eraser?

inPixio’s Remove Background works well on a wide range of photos, from holiday snaps to product shots. A good tip is to choose images with contrasting foreground and background colors. This makes it easier for the background-erasing algorithm to do its job with minimum effort from you.

Remove Background is particularly popular with Amazon and eBay merchants who use the tool to create clean and professional-looking product photos that increase conversions. For product marketers and web developers, this application is useful for creating various marketing content.

Once you have removed your photo background, you can use your photo cutout to make all kinds of creative montage. You could also investigate some of inPixio’s other free tools such as Free Photo Editor or Add Text to Photo, to add the finishing touches to your new image.

Why choose inPixio Remove Background?

Photo software can sometimes seem difficult to use, not to mention expensive to buy. For basic editing such as background removal, free tools can do the job easily and successfully. This is particularly true of inPixio’s Remove Background tool.

The application is straightforward to use yet consistent in delivering quality results. Unlike fully automatic background erasers, it also gives you some control over the process, enabling you to fine-tune your cutout with the markers and feathering tool.

Whether you’re editing photos for business or personal use, this free photo editing app does exactly what it promises – remove image backgrounds with ease to provide the perfect base for all your creations.

With photo editing for ecommerce and social media becoming an everyday task, having access to quality free tools such as InPixio’s Remove Background can help you stay one step ahead with your photos!

Stages of the IoT testing: definition, characteristics

What is IoT?

IoT (Internet of Things) – is a special ecosystem, that combines a lot of various useful components: route vehicles, home automated system, medical equipment, different microchips and so on. These and other components can keep and send information. With the help of such technology, you can easily manage different devices remotely.

Examples of IoT-devices

All the IoT objects can be divided into such kinds:

  • Portable systems. Different fitness bands and/or Apple Watches are easily synchronized with other portable devices to transmit the data. With their help, we can exchange the data, watch some info about our health: heart rate, organism activity, sleep cycle, etc.;
  • Web system and web development. CitySense utility can collect the data about lighting, and automatically turn on/off the outside light. There’re a lot of available programs, which manage traffic lights remotely, and can tell the interested people about the number of parking spaces;
  • Today there’re special systems that can watch human health and are actively used in the hospitals. The basis of their functionality is approximate data, such services can easily control necessary medicine strength. For example, UroSense utility can monitor the liquid level in the organism by itself, and if it’s needed, this program can raise it. Doctors get to know about the patient’s condition through a wireless network.
Opportunities, which are open thanks to IoT-things
  1. RFID (modern radiofrequency identification), EPC (electronic program code);
  2. NFC (“near field communication”) – allows two devices to interact on a smooth basis. This technology can be found in devices as a function for contactless transactions.
  3. This is actively used in situations with a short range and in systems of portable devices.
  4. Z-Wave. Modern radio low-frequency technologies, that are used for managing the home automatics, light and so on;
  5. Wi-Fi. It’s probably the most popular network for IoT system (exchange of data, messages, and information).
IoT testing

Let’s take a look at the illustrative example, in order to understand correctly the main point of IoT functioning. There’s a modern system to analyze medical indications, which can monitor the human health conditions (heart rate, temperature and a sufficient level of a liquid in an organism). All information is displayed in a special structured system: there’re web files and libraries. Doctors decide themselves, should the patient take medicine or not.

In practice, there’re some common approaches to test the productivity of internal IoT design. Next, we will sort them out.

  • A full usability testing should be done for every produced device and ecosystem;
  • According to a designed medical gadget, it has to be totally simple and easy to use;
  • It’s important to make a very clever system, which could not only send the client a message, but create reports in case of errors, and inform a user about it in due time;
  • A system should have a special option, that will record an event, which will be totally clear for a final user of this product. If it’s impossible to add such a parameter, all the info about the event should be saved into the database;
  • The functions of processing the incoming information and data exchange between developed products are tested very carefully.
Safety of IoT functioning
  • Information is the main basis for the activity of connected peripherals. That’s why it is so important to test the program for the possibility of unauthorized access to the database. You have to check how qualitatively user data are encrypted;
  • In case of UI, it’s needed to check, if it has security, based on a safe password.
System configuration
  • The operative ability to connect to the network and general IoT functioning is very important because we’re talking about a special system, applied in a medical field;
  • There’s checking of an available network, where data transmission can be done;
  • All scripts are explored when there’s no connection. No matter what’s the system complexity, there’s a chance that sometimes its status can be offline. If the technology isn’t working temporarily, employees of a medical institution should know about it. In other words, they will be able to monitor a patient’s health condition even when the system is in a sleep mode.
  • You should take into account the fact of importance for healthcare to use just this system;
  • Testing with 5-10 patients, who have 5-10 devices;
  • To test the program for general system analysis: actual load, energy consumption, temperature range.
Testing for compatibility

Such a graph can be always found in any check-list for IoT product testing.

  • Compatibility of actual OS versions and their integral components;
  • Cross-browser compatibility;
  • Devices of different generations;
  • Types of connections (Bluetooth or Wi-Fi).
Testing before release
  • Pilot testing – is an “important tick” in the check-list;
  • Only tests in a laboratory can tell us that product is totally functioning with the stated parameters;
  • During the pilot testing, the amount of users is strictly defined. They do various manipulations with the utility and give their own opinion;
  • Such opinions are very important, making the released product much better.
Testing of program consistency
  • Application, which system can monitor the current patient’s condition, should pass a lot of tests on technical consistency;
  • It can happen, that system application passes all stages of testing, but “fail” the testing before the final release;
  • It’s logically correct to test the product on its consistency to technical standards before the stage of designing and adding.
Testing of new versions
  • IoT – is an original combination of many libraries, OS and developed software;
  • During any updating – regardless of its nature (system, or separate library) – it’s necessary to do the regression testing. Specialists make corrections of tests strategy in order to avoid the difficulties that can happen during product updating in the future.
Difficulties that can be during IoT testing
Problem with the soft

IoT – is a special system, inside which different services and structural components closely interact. Not only the fact of developed soft productivity is important, but also hardware: special sensors, transducers, and gateways.

It’s not enough to check technical serviceability only. Every component is connected to other elements. The architecture of IoT technologies is very multi-faceted, unlike the one of traditional web products.

Used model of components and program interaction

All components of one network should interact hassle-free in real time. In practice, it is really hard to do. Hence, there’re additional difficulties, which closely interact with IoT (client data safety, compatibility with different software and manipulation with software updates).

Data check, coming in real time

If you want to manage such information, you need to work hard. It becomes even more difficult because the system can be used in completely different ways and in a special format, that can’t be counted during testing.


IoT system includes many components, which are set on completely different operating platforms. Testing is possible only in that case when you can “run the functionality” on the maximum number of available devices.

Continuous network access

For constant and qualitative functioning of IoT components, it is very important to have a proven network. Data exchange speed has to grow all the time. Any IoT architecture needs to be tested at different conditions of signal transmission, with different internet speed. For example, you can test the network load with the help of virtual networks, which give some information about load testing. But actual data – is always original and unique scripts, and testers team can’t know where exactly difficulties will appear.

Tools and tools utilities for the IoT testing

There’re many tools and utilities, which are commonly used in the testing of global IoT.

They can be divided into groups according to the developed product destination:

  1. Wireshark – is an effective app with the open program code. It is used for analysis of traffic in graphic form, data of input host. Tcdump – although this product doesn’t have GUI, it can do similar actions like Wireshark (client can show current TCP/IP packets, which are passed inside the selected network);
  2. “Hardwire”. JTAG Dongle – is an app, which system can easily find bugs in a program code, and it displays all edits on a step-by-step Digital Storage Oscilloscope – is an opportunity to check some event on the base of notes.

Software Defined Radio – is an opportunity of qualitative emulation of the transducer and transmitter for plenty of allocated gateways.

IoT technologies – is a dynamic modifying field and many promising ways to develop some useful things.  In the near future, IoT can become one of the fundamental aspects of work for many quality assurance organizations. Network architecture, apps for smart devices, specialized linking modules – all these and even more things play a key role in understanding and modification of different technologies and components, which make our life much easier.


The methodology of IoT testing can be different depending on the designed ecosystem or architecture.

It is very hard to test the Internet of things, but also, this activity is very exciting and useful. It’s some kind of “undeveloped space” with a lot of technical opportunities – there’re so many different systems, devices, and program components, which “in good hands”, can be used for the human well-being!

Top 10 most popular negative test cases

Usage of test cases allows checking the productivity of developed software in case of incorrect data coming to the system or there is a wrong behavioral logic with components. Such test cases must be executed during general testing.

Any negative testing is important and equal to the positive one. That’s because all of us are people who can make a mistake. And you can’t get rid of the human factor.

If a client visits a special site and buys something there, he/she will probably want to visit such a portal again. But if the client makes a mistake while buying something (for example, pastes the phone number in the field where should be the letters only), then he/she will most likely want to see a tolerant system message that such an action isn’t recommended.

Detailed negative testing is performed for these exact situations. What is negative testing? It’s when incorrect data is deliberately inputted into a system. We enter it and watch on web product’s reaction, whether it shows correct error messages or not.

How should such tests be created?

Further, we’ll talk about top 10 most popular negative test scenario that can be used during the testing of any web product.

Embedded Single Quote

Many SQL-requests of the database have some problems with single quotes inside the request’s body (for example, Jones’s bar).

Required Data Entry

All fields for necessary data input should be clearly displayed in the specification of the developed product.

You need to test forms with different fields that should be compulsory and can’t be saved without information inside them.

Field Size Test

A maximal number of symbols in each field should be also written in the specification of the developed product (for example, the number of symbols in the field with user’s nickname shouldn’t be more than 45).

You must check if the component doesn’t allow inputting or saving more symbols that are mentioned inside the approved specification. Also, you shouldn’t forget that these fields have to work correctly and validate the input value as well as warn a client about set system limitations (for example, through texts or messages about an error).

Numeric Bounds Test

Some numeric fields can have special numeral bounds. Such limits can be directly in the specification of the developed product or be clear from the product logic (for example, you test productivity, that’s connected with an interest charge to client’s account; from this, it is clear that such an interest accrual shouldn’t take negative values).

Test the situations when the web product shows system messages about the errors in the cases when the input value is outside acceptable numeric bounds (for example, there always should be a text message about the error when the user entered the value from 9 to 51 symbols in the field where set limits are from 10 to 50, or he/she entered the negative value where the system allows using only positive symbols and their total).

Numeric Limits Test

More than a half of databases and programming languages consider numeral values as special variables with some type (for example, integer or long integer), which have a limit on acceptable numeral values input (for example, value integer should be between -32768 and 32767 but long integer – from -2147483640 to 2147483647).

Test the set border values of used variables for numeric fields whose border values aren’t determined in the specification.

Date Bounds Test

It happens that there is a special logical constraint for the fields that are responsible for entering and displaying the time and date inside the developed application. For example, if you check the field that contains the user’s date of birth, then it would be logical to test the possibility of prohibiting the entry of a date that has not come yet (in other words, the date in the future), or the restriction on entering a date that is different at the time of the test for more than 150 years.

Date Validity

The date entry field should always be validated for entering certain values ​ (for example, entering 31-11-2009 – cannot be considered a valid date). You should also remember that the date field should be tested for leap years.

Web Session Testing

Most modern web products use special browser sessions to monitor the actions of a user who has been verified within the system. All this happens by using special settings for a specific user. At the same time, some of the system parameters can’t work until the client has passed the verification inside the system. Test that the current functionality of the product, which is “hidden” behind the password, is not available to the client, who hasn’t passed the verification yet.

Performance Changes

After a new version of the product has been released, it is necessary to perform testing of components for overall productivity (for example, monitor the process of adding information, deleting data, or editing certain elements on a web page). Compare it with the productivity testing of previous web product versions. This practice will not only find all the current problems of the general program productivity but also help to predict possible changes in the program code for new builds of the developed software in the future.

Creating your own test for negative testing

For example, it is very interesting for us to understand how the function of calculating the root behaves in a simple calculator.

The very first thing that comes to mind: what will happen if you try to calculate the root of a negative value? What is there to think about?

  • A root from zero – you need to remember the famous boundary values. The user can’t enter a line of negative length, unlike with boundary value;
  • The root of the value “4” – similar characters can be divided into “conditional number”;
  • We will try to enter a line that, naturally, means a number. And then take a number from it.

As you can see from this example, there can be an infinite number of tests.

By the way, you don’t need to enter a huge number as root, but simply enter an ordinary number so that the root comes out very, very long and doesn’t fit in the viewport of a PC or mobile device screen, then something should just break or simply go wrong.

QA engineers are able to provide you with all useful information on negative or any other testing type you are interested in. Running various kinds of tests, specialists of a quality assurance organization prevent the users from causing many software problems.

A Bug Report: Usage of Incorrect Words and Phrases

Of course, a well-done bug report is a documentation of the highest quality. Creation of a first-rate bug report is a very important task because it is the main point of communication between QA specialists, managers, developers, and clients (in some ways).  A well-done bug report doesn’t only make the interaction between the tester and developer better, but also saves all the company’s resources which have the task to create, modify and use it.

Additionally, a good bug report must have a well-written topic (Summary). Usually, a summary consists of about 120-150 symbols. It’s important to check if the created summary answers fully such questions: where’s the problem? How and under what circumstances is it reproduced?

Also, it’s important to understand, that while working with the problem, one should show the nature of the problem, – in other words, what exactly is working IMPROPERLY. It means, that tester shouldn’t use words and phrases which describe the problem lightly, figuratively, without detailed info, for example, nothing appears, works improperly, is set incorrectly and so on.

Examples of the incorrect description of a defect in a bug report

  • Nothing happens when going to some page;
  • Text block “About us” is displayed incorrectly.

If you write the bug description in such a way, the matter and message, which has to get one’s attention, won’t be clear. It will be hard to understand what exactly is working incorrectly and if it’s possible to fix this.

Work of QA specialist and developer is maximally complex and mutually reinforcing process. Sometimes it can happen, that those bugs which a tester mentions in the bug report, are being fixed by programmers in the process. It means, the bug that was described really complicatedly, leads to a big waste of time on its realizing and the next reproducing. As a result, the company loses some money under one project.

We can determine a special algorithm of actions, in the process of writing a really correct and useful Summary:

  1. Understand the origin of the problem personally! Before creating a Summary, QA specialist must see clearly where exactly the bug (defect) can be;
  2. Describe the bug in great detail, taking into account all details of its steps of reproduce;
  3. Delete all extra info from the description, for example, unnecessary conditions for appearing bug, specify all important details;
  4. Set all sentences in a logical order – What? Where? When?
  5. Check sentences for the compliance with all grammar rules;
  6. Shorten the sentence, if it’s too long. For example, you can use synonyms, some acronyms or common abbreviations.

Taking into account all, listed above, the good examples of great Summary are:

  • There’s an empty page in the “About the company” section, after clicking the “About us” button;
  • Navigation buttons aren’t seen in the “About us” section.

Naturally, sometimes during testing, QA specialist can find defects, which are difficult or impossible to describe, for example:

  • “Calculator” program gives wrong calculations after different arithmetic operations.

In such a situation it is hard to see what exactly the defect is. QA specialist only sees that result, he/she has got, is quite different from the expected one. That’s why if such situations happen, a defect is described in a “global” understanding. But it’s clear from the very beginning that bug is located in the hidden part of the code, which influences a final result. Because of it, a tester can use only some “forbidden words” in a bug report.

Moreover, it’s possible to describe the problem in more extended form.

For example, in a Summary and an actual result, QA specialist can write: “A message about the bug isn’t shown in the E-mail address input field after the user enters the incorrect data”.

But in the main description, we say that such a situation is reproduced in the process of data verifying with the empty field after the e-mail address was entered without @ symbol or domain name.

So, we don’t make a defect Summary longer, but at the same time, we specify maximally the conditions that lead to a bug displaying.

Also, we shouldn’t forget that during a bug report creation, we mention the same info in actual result description and the Summary; but in the expected result description, we show what exactly should be displayed by QA specialist’s opinion. When we describe the results, we use the same rule as during the Summary field filling (with the logic – what? Where? When?).

Here’re examples of the correct description of Expected results:

  • Content in the “Our services” section is displayed after clicking on the “About company” button;
  • The block of navigation buttons is displayed in the “About us” page.

Sometimes the incorrect words and phrases are used during the check-list development, but not in the defect description.

The difference is, that working on a check-list, one can make reference to the developed project models. Design and functioning logic of the software can change several times during its development, so bug localization can harm this and further projects.

For example, the description “The “products” section is displayed in the top of the browser viewport”.

If the block is moved the bottom left part after this, a tester can consider it as a bug.

But without specifics, it’ll be enough to check an actual model to verify that the block is displayed correctly.

It’s necessary to write in the bug report about the problem at the time of test performing

A description like “The “Production” section is displayed on the page incorrectly” doesn’t describe the matter of the defect inside some part of the tested product. The prior task of a qualitative bug report is to describe the bug from the most intelligible and correct side in order to make it clear for both: the tester of this software and QA specialist, who isn’t familiar with details of this project.

It means, that this is really important to show what the impropriety of the system’s behavior is.

Also, you can write such a message: “The “Production” sectional is displayed only on the part of the page (bottom part of the block is cut by screen’s and/or browser’s sides)”.

It depends on the situation when such a defect can be reproduced.

There’re a lot of variations when a list of incorrect meanings occupies much space, and it will be better to place a defect description in the expanded part. Only in such a case, the group of “incorrect words” can be used.

But in most cases tester must specify the problem as qualitatively as it’s possible.

Here’s another example of incorrect bug description:

«Page description is done incorrectly».

Why such a bug description is wrong? From this Summary, we can’t see what exactly the bug is. Is the texting part wider than a visible viewport (there’s a horizontal scroll bar)? Is it cut by half or done in the wrong format? Or maybe it has some grammar mistakes.

A bug – is not a riddle that a developer should solve. The perfect example of the bug is when the programmer doesn’t need to look at the screenshot or video to understand the matter of defect.

In conclusion, we can say that the quality of created bug report influences many things such as professional level of QA specialist, how quickly the developers can understand the problem, etc. It’s important to see and distinguish situations when the usage of incorrect words and phrases is acceptable and when it will be better to avoid them. The best way is to look at the bug report as a person who isn’t a professional IT specialist and has a vague image about implemented functionality. Also, we shouldn’t forget that process of finding a bug is only a part of work during the project development. But at the same time, its correct and accurate description is as important as some part of software creation.


Nataliia Syvynska
Content Writer



Top 8 Photo Editing Mobile Applications

Who does not love to click a photo, but the trend today is to click and post. People love posting photos on their social media websites and professional photographers love to edit their photos by adding the changes and colors that will create magic out of their photos. To fulfill this requirement, there have been a great number of photo editing apps being launched one after the other. However, in order to be in the top 10 photo editing apps, they have to be standing apart from the cluster. Certain applications with their extraordinary effects and resulting texture, make a place in the daily outset of people. This is what brings these applications as the best across many.


The first one is Snapseed. It has been one of the most popular photo editing applications for very long now. What makes it stand apart from the rest is the great number of features that it provides you. The number of filters is humongous and so are the different technicalities that it gives. You are so much at ease with this application. You talk about the best kind of contrast adjustment or even if we consider the best perspective correction, it is present. It thus ends up making your photo beautiful with its great filters and technical editing, present with the all in one concept. It has great tools that can be used by not just the professional photographers but also by amateurs and it ends up changing the entire mood of your captured photo. It makes it look professionally edited and very well textured. You can check out some helpful site, for better understanding of Snapseed and its use of PC.


VSCO is yet another very well-known photo-editing app. It is very well known for iPhone particularly. It has a good number of filters and if you want to create a vintage look then this one is one of the best photo editing apps that you can use. This photo-editing app will successfully end up taking your photo to the right texture of vintage era you are seeking for.

Superimpose X

To blend images is a great idea and that too when you want to post the best photos you need to create some unique artwork and this can be very easily done with the photo editing app superimpose X. You can create the best photos by blending all your images into an interesting artistic look and you can also create stunning images with its great exposure opportunities and different kind of those that you can use in to edit the image.

Lens Distortion

Natural element to a photo can create life in it and lens distortion is an app that enhances your captured images with a natural flair. It brings magic of life in the photo with genuine looking addition of natural look containing either snow or sometimes even shimmers or sunlight and the best part is that it has great mixture of colors making it look absolutely real. The high quality of super imposing makes your photo look true and that too so effortlessly you can end up creating a natural tinge with this photo.


Mextures is yet another photo-editing app that creates a blending of textures that make the photo get natural elements to it. The effects our easily adjustable and thus you can use the filters and tools to receive the absolute fine-tuning for your captured image. It is meant for applying a good amount of texture variation on your photos that can include different gradients as well.

Adobe Lightroom CC

No application can be used by both beginners as well as advanced photographers alike. It uses an interface which is very simple to understand. It is just a matter of quick one click and you get your work done. They are great creative tools to get the very professional photo editing done with comparatively simpler processing. It has a wide array of professional features, an adjustment associated with it, and the name itself is the brand when it comes to photography and photographs.


Aviary is one photo-editing app that can be for your quick simple photo editing required in day-to-day life with less professional touch to it. Be it a red eye problem in the photograph or unnecessary blemishes spoiling the look of your photo or even if you have a cosmetic issue with yellowish teeth that need to be whitened. All this can be done right with this app apart from the various filters and stickers it offers. Thus, this one is a quick to do app with great features and inbuilt purchases in the app as well. The best part is that on your phone itself you can quickly end up removing the cosmetic unwanted things from the photo without much technical efforts.


More control is always desired and if it is on the editing of your photo, then it can be one application that you would want to look out for photo editing. You have good amount of control on the detailing of the photo. You have the masking tool as well which can help you blend the most effective looks that you desire in your photo. It has an easy to work with user interface giving you a good experience on editing all together. However, yes this application is only available for app store.

Author: Sohel Ather

Brief Guide about “Behavior Driven Development”

Behaviour Driven Development Testing is maybe the greatest source of confusion. At the point when connected to automate testing, BDD is an arrangement of best practices for composing incredible tests. BDD-Behaviour Driven Development can and should be, utilized together with TDD and unit testing techniques.

One of the key things Behaviour Driven Development model addresses is execution detail in unit tests. A typical issue with poor unit tests is they depend excessively on how the tested function is actualized.

This implies if you update the functionality, even without changing the sources of outputs and inputs, you should likewise update the test. This is an issue since it rolls out doing changes time-consuming.

Behaviour Driven Development is a product development process that initially is an extension of Test Driven Development. Behaviour Driven Development Testing utilizes examples to illustrate the behaviour of the system that is composed in an understandable and readable for everybody connected with the development.

Behaviour Driven Development approach centers around giving a mutual procedure and shared tools advancing communication among software engineers and business experts to team up on software development, with the point of delivering products with business esteem.

Subsequently, this Behaviour Driven Development tutorial will be valuable for software developers and in addition business examiners at each level.

Behaviour Driven Development testing plans to make development practices more simple and accessible to newcomers and testers alike yet moving the vocabulary from being test-based to behaviour based. It positions itself as a development paradigm, highlighting automation and communication as equivalent objectives.

In Behaviour Driven Development best practices, the behaviours speak to both the test cases and the specification.

Behavior Driven Development Methodology Features:
  • Moving from thinking in “tests” to thinking in “behaviour”
  • Collaboration between Business partners, Business Analysts, QA Team and engineers
  • Universal language, it is easy to understand
  • Driven by Business Value
  • Broadens Test Driven Development by using normal language that non-technical partners can understand.
  • BDD systems, for example, Cucumber or JBehave are an empowering agent, acting as a “bridge” between Business and Technical Language

Behaviour Driven Development process is prevalent and can be used for Unit level test cases and for UI test cases. Devices like RSpec or in .NET something like MSpec or SpecUnit is well known for Unit Testing following behaviour driven development techniques. On the other hand, you can compose BDD-style specification about UI communications. Expecting you’re assembling a web application, you’ll most likely utilize a browser automation library like WatiR/WatiN or Selenium, and script it either utilizing one of the structures.

Agile BDD

The behaviour driven development in agile is utilized to come to a common understanding on the pending specifications.

The accompanying steps are executed in Agile BDD –
  • The engineers and the product proprietor cooperatively compose pending details in a plain text editor.
  • The product proprietor indicates the behaviors they anticipate from the system.
  • The engineers fill the specification with these behavior details.
  • Make inquiries relying on their understanding of the system
  • The present system behaviors are considered to check whether the new element will break any of the current features.
Behaviour Driven Development Tools:

Cucumber is a Java system for BDD, by its help for the specific arrangement of communications between colleagues and partners. Cucumber Behaviour Driven Development can execute plain-text functional specification as automated tests. The language that Cucumber understands is called Gherkin.

Cucumber supports composing specification in around 30 spoken languages, improving it simple to convey for teams outside of English-talking regions or those working on internationally targeted software.


SpecFlow is motivated by Cucumber structure in the Ruby on Rails world. Cucumber utilizes plain English in the Gherkin arrangement to express client stories. Once the client stories and their requirement are composed, the Cucumber pearl is utilized to execute those stores. SpecFlow conveys a similar idea to the .NET world and enables the engineer to express the feature in plain English dialect. It additionally permits composing specification in human understandable Gherkin format.

Unit Testing gives you the what. Test-Driven Development gives you the when. Behaviour Driven Development testing gives you the how. Despite the fact that you can utilize each separately, you should combine them for best outcomes as they supplement each other pleasantly.

We trust this fills in as a brief guide for make you consider a conceivable change to behaviour driven development principles. BDD gives us a chance to test and thinks about the code from the perspective of the entrepreneur. You need an attitude to execute ‘continuous examples’ as opposed to actualizing just ‘functionalities.’

Contact: TestOrigen Software Testing 

Track cell phone location with Ogymogy location tracker app?

The contemporary cell phones are unbelievable. User can use it for plenty of activities. They can make calls, use social media apps, check emails, use dating apps, and these days cell phones are worthy enough for business purposes no time ever before. Employers love to provide their employees with modern digital cell phones in order to company’s benefits. It enables users to check emails, store and share company’s documents and plenty of other alike.

On the other side, young kids and teens also own mobile phones running with different operating systems. Parents buy phones for the children for their safety so that they can make calls, perform browsing activities related to their studies, and in spare they can use the cell phone for social media activities. However, these days’ parents want to take another step in order to make teens safety they want to track kid’s location when needed in order to know where their kids are at the moment.

On the other hand, employers want to know the GPS location of the employees deployed outside the company’s premises to make sure employees are the point where they have sent them or on official working tour. So, the contemporary high tech tools can sort out their issues by tracking cell phone location with OgyMogy location tracker app.

How to track cell phone location with OgyMogy?

Obviously, you need to get your hands on the powerful location tracking app then you will be able to get the job done. So, let’s get to know how you can do it within a little time by using the web on your phone or computer device.

Step1: Go the web using your cell phone or Computer

The very first thing you need to do is to use your cell phone or PC and then you need to visit the official webpage of the OgyMogy cell phone monitoring software.

Step2: Get OgyMogy subscription Online

Now when you have access to its web page you need to subscribe for it and you will get the login ID and password through an email sent to your email address.

Step3: Take target cell phone device into possession

Now you need to have the target cell phone device into your hands and then you need to start the installation process. Moreover, when completed the installation process successfully then you need to activate it on the target device. In addition, you just about to start the activation process a pop –up appear on the screen. You can get the instructions in order to hide the icon of the GPS location tracker software or you can skip it anyway and move forward and end up with the process of activation.

Step4: Use Login credentials & gets access to the web portal of OgyMogy

It is the time to get the job done by using the credentials in terms of passcode and ID to login to the online control panel of the mobile phone location tracking app.

Step5: Visit the location tracker software features to track the location

Once you have the access to the web portal then you can visit the plenty of cell phone tracking tools including the mightiest one GPS location tracking app for cell phone. You can use it to track the pinpoint location of the target mobile phone of your children or employee.

You can get to know about the exact and current location of the target device. It further empowers you to get to know about location history, weekly location history of your target person that has your target device. It means parents can track the kid’s location especially when they need it the most in an emergency situation.

Moreover, employers can use it to get to know either their employees are working at the deployment point or they just wasting time here and there. An end user can further use it in order to mark safe and restricted areas on the MAP. Therefore, for parents and employees, GPS location tracking software for cell phone is the best tool to track target person location.


OgyMogy cell phone location tracking software is the best tools that empower you to track mobile phone location with complete accuracy and efficiency.


Barbra Lia is a blogger, social media activist, and tech lover. He loves to write about the latest technological advancement and currently, she is affiliated with OgyMogy cell phone monitoring software.

In order to know more about her, you can catch her on Twitter @barbralia

Differentiating Test Strategy & Test Plan in Testing

Software testing is assisted by a good test strategy and test plan. In any large-scale projects, testing is a crucial part of the procedure. The careful and exact leading of testing guarantees that the project is up to norms and has no real defects. Before any testing is done, there are two documents that should be made and followed, the test strategy and test plan.

The fundamental difference between test strategy and test plan is their scope. A test strategy document covers the goals that should be accomplished and the way to be used. This is frequently an organization or task wide report. In correlation, a test plan document is a more localized report that deals with a particular part or segment of the project and follow the rules expressed in the test strategy in software testing.

In some smaller scale projects, the test strategy techniques are regularly found as an area of the test plan fundamentally as there is only one test plan in software testing, and it doesn’t appear to be practical to isolate the test strategy and management. In any case, in large projects with numerous tasks with numerous parts, there is one test strategy methodology and a modest bunch of test plan metrics; normally one for each significant segment.

test plan process is ordinarily done by the testing supervisor or testing lead. This is a mid-level position that requires a man who is personally learned of the part he is working with. Then again, the test strategy is normally done by the project manager or somebody higher since it requires a man who has a complete understanding of the project.

What is test strategy and test plan in software testing?
Test strategy in testing:

Test Strategy is characterized as an arrangement of managing rule that illuminates test plan and controls how testing should be finished.

Test plan report:

A Test Plan is characterized as a document which traces the extension, target, technique, and weight on a software product testing project.

Test Strategy and Test Plan is a noticeable disarray among numerous levels of QA Aspirants

Below is a detailed difference between test strategy and test plan in software testing:

Test Plan Methodology:
  • A test plan for software project can be characterized as a report that characterizes the scope, goal, approach, and accentuation on a product testing attempt.
  • Test Plan Elements incorporate Test Plan id, features to be tested, test procedures, testing tasks, Features fail and pass criteria, test expectations, duties, and timetable, and so forth.
  • A test plan goals are completed by a testing manager or lead that portrays how to test, when to test, who will test and what to test.
  • Test Plan Development portrays the detail.
  • Test Plan approach can change.
  • Test Plan quality assurance is done to decide conceivable issues and conditions keeping in mind the end goal to distinguish the risks.
  • A test plan exists exclusively
  • It is characterized at the project level.
Test Strategy Software Testing:
  • Test strategy approach is an arrangement of rules that clarify test plan and decides how testing should be finished.
  • Test strategy components incorporate goals and scope, documentation positions, test processes, team announcing structure, customer communication methodology, and so on.
  • Test strategy methods are done by the project manager. It says what kind of system to follow and which module to test.
  • Test Strategy in software engineering portrays the general methodologies.
  • Test Strategy model can’t be changed.
  • It is a long-term plan of action. You can extract data that does not project particular and place it into test approach.
  • In the smaller project, a test strategy metrics is frequently found as a segment of a test plan
  • It is set at the association level and can be utilized by multiple projects.

As said above. Test strategy matrix should not be edited all the time since it sets a few principles for test plan and if guidelines are adjusted as often as possible then it ends up hard adhering to a specific arrangement and changing arrangement oftentimes will influence the quality of the testing. Some of the time when small necessities are transformed, we just need to update the test plan yet test strategy continues as before.

This is a standard way to deal with getting ready to make test plan and test strategy document, yet things can change organization-to-organization.

Contact: TestOrigen Software Testing

Top 10 QTP Interviews Questions with Answers

QTP is mechanized automated Testing software that causes analyzers to execute tests that are automated in nature to distinguish any blunders, problems, glitches and/or loopholes in opposition to the normal consequences of the application under test. It was the creation of Mercury Interactive and was later subsequently obtained by HP.

Salient Features Of QTP

  • The software can be used by both the categories of testers: technical and non-technical.
  • The capability to test web-based and the desktop application is a plus
  • Business Process Testing is accepted and allowed by QTP.
  • It also has the added capability to perform tests uninterrupted.

QTP Interviews Questions and Answers

In this article, we shall be covering the questions and answers that are most commonly asked in an interview relating to QTP. So, let’s get started.

Q1). What do you understand by the term QTP?

QTP is one of the great computerization apparatus which underpins graphical interface record-playback. Brisk Test empowers you to test standard web and Windows applications.

Q2). Explain some of the most key features and advantages of using QTP?

QTP ought to work as an independent apparatus and incorporated into Mercury Business Process Testing and Mercury Quality Center. Testing results could be naturally encouraged into a database that may give valuable insights on how great the product testing is going. It gives Keyword driven testing. QTP Identifies objects with Unique Smart Object Recognition, regardless of whether they change from work to assemble. By utilizing QTP, Test execution time and cost will lessen.

Q3). What are the scripting languages used when one works with this software QTP?

Some of the languages that are used very regularly while using this QTP software are VisualBasic, Javascript, XML, and HTML.

Q4). Can you explain the two views available in the QTP graphical user interface?

Keyword: This view is an unthinkable portrayal of the considerable number of articles and the activities that are performed on them. Each line in the table is a stage performed on the AUT and can be altered. The absolute most regular segments showed are a thing, task, esteem, and documentation.

Expert: As the name demonstrates, this view is for progressively specialized clients who might need to change the source code according to their prerequisites.

Q5). What is the model which QTP uses for creating tests?

  1. a) decide your testing requirements and needs
  2. b) Setting up of storehouses
  3. c) Defining your work libraries
  4. d) Generation of test steps
  5. e) Data driving of tests
  6. f) Execute the tests

Q6). What are the three recording modes that are available in this QTP software and how does it work?

Normal mode – The default recording technique is dependably the ordinary mode. This technique utilizes the model of Test Objects and Runtime items to learn and follow up on the AUT.

Analog mode – Records the definite mouse and keystrokes that the client performs in connection to either the screen or AUT window. The means that are recorded utilizing this technique can’t be altered.

Basic mode – This mode records the directions in the application where the task is performed, regardless of whether QTP perceives the particular Object or Operation.

Q7). How would you use the recovery scenario manager to handle the exceptions arising in QTP?

There are 4 trigger occasions amid which a recovery situation ought to be initiated. A spring up window shows up in an opened application amid the trial: A property of an item changes its state or esteem, A stage in the test does not run effectively. An open application comes up short amid the trial, these triggers are considered as exceptions. You can pre-instruct QTP to recover unexpected blunders that happened in your testing condition amid trial. recovery situations manager gives a wizard in the form of help that guides you through the characterizing recovery situation. Recovery situation has three stages: 1. Activated Events 2. Recuperation stages 3. Post-Recovery Test-Run

Q8). What do you mean by a test fusion report and what is its role in QTP?

When an analyzer/tester has run a test, a Test Fusion report shows all parts of the trial: an abnormal state results review, an flexible and easily expandable tree-type view of the test indicating precisely where the failure of the applications happened, the test information utilized, application screenshots for each progression that feature any disparities, and nitty-gritty clarifications of every checkpoint pass and fails.

Q9). What is the role of checkpoints in QTP Software?

A checkpoint confirms that normal data is shown in an Application while the test is running. You can add eight kinds of checkpoints to your test for standard web objects utilizing QTP. A page checkpoint verifies the attributes of an Application. A content checkpoint watches that a content string is shown in the proper spot on an Application. An item checkpoint (Standard) checks the estimations of an article on an Application. A picture checkpoint checks the estimations of a picture on an Application. A table checkpoint checks data inside a table on an Application. An Accessibility checkpoint verifies the site page for Section 508 consistency. An XML checkpoint verifies the substance of individual XML information records or XML reports that are a piece of your Web application. A database checkpoint verifies the substance of databases gotten to by your site.

Q10). What role does a test object model play in QTP?

The test object model is a huge arrangement of article types or classes that Quick Test uses to speak to the items in your application. Each test object class has a rundown of properties that can interestingly distinguish objects of that class and a lot of significant strategies that Quick Test can record for it. A test object is an article that Quick Test makes in the test or segment to speak to the real item in your application.

Q11). How can you add checkpoints in QTP?

We can include checkpoints while recording the application or we can include in the wake of the chronicle is finished utilizing Active screen (Note: To play out the second one The Active screen must be empowered while recording).


In totality, this article has covered the six most common questions usually asked for freshers and the six most common questions asked to the experienced professionals who are switching or planning to switch their jobs. Hope these are of help to you while preparing for your interview.


Author: Manchun Kumar

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